Thursday, October 12, 2017
Wednesday, October 11, 2017
This photo was among my mother's high schools stuff. It is the student body of Ong High School in the spring of 1928 - 55 students and three faculty members.
Key to 1928 Ong High School Picture:
The writing on the back of the photo was faded so this is my best guess about the identity of all in the photo. The asterisk identifies students who graduated elsewhere, i.e., Mildred Cassell graduated from Edgar High in 1931.
First Row, left to right:
Milford Hurlbert, Class of 1931; Searles Peterson, ‘31*; Dwight Rowlison, ‘30; Ray Steele, ‘31; Clayton Johnson, ‘31; Merrill Benson, ‘30*; Waldine Olson, '31; Dean Wight, ‘30; John Anderson, ‘31; Marlyn Engdahl, ‘29
Maurine Boswell, Class of 1931*; Lela Anderson, ‘31; Allene Franson, ‘31; Vida Bottom, ‘31; Eva Rowlison, ‘31; Mildred Cassell, ‘31*; La Verne Swanson, ‘31; Lois Caldwell, ‘29*; Ruth Steele, '29; Glenda Bottom, ‘29; Margaret Nelson, ‘29; Ramona Overturf, ’29; Jean Asa, ‘29
Miss Gayle De Armond – Ass’t Principal, Mr. Laurence Stickell – Principal; Edith Hokom, ‘29; Lydia Shriefer Mosley ’28; Eleanor Hokom, ‘28; Norma Bjork, ‘31; Violet Larson, ‘31; Inez McCloughan ‘31; Nella Searls ‘28; Catherine Lemkuil, ‘30; Ruth Franson, ‘30; Lola Bumgardine '31; Loretta Nelson, ‘31; Frances Christensen '28; Marian Swanson ‘28; Edythe Swanson, ‘28; Olive Swanson, ‘28
Leona Carlson Ethington, Class of 1929; Oleta Rowlison Pomeroy ‘28; Helen Munsel ‘31; Lyle Johnson, ‘28; Mr. Victor Bracke – Superintendent; Leonard Nelson, ‘29*; Louis Hanson, ‘28; Burdette Olson, ‘30; Marion Hart, ‘28*; Jake Beck, ‘30*; Wayne Cassell, ‘28; Lynn Benson, ‘30; Harold Johnson, ‘30; Roswell Peterson, ‘29*; Mr. Fulton Davenport – Principal; Frederick Beck, ‘30; Melvin Olson, ‘30
Please identify any corrections in the comments.
Monday, October 9, 2017
Shirley Wach recently moved from one house in Georgia to another. She decided that many of her Sutton treasures needed to go back home.
Her son Keith made this delivery on Monday, October 2nd. We've had a week of inspecting and examining. We have begun sorting and listing.
We shouldn't be enjoying this all by ourselves - would you like to join us?
Call me at 773-0222 if you're interested in digging in.
Saturday, September 30, 2017
This photo was posted to the information about Irmengard Bender on ancestry.com by Catherine Gardner, a granddaughter of Irmengard who was the daughter of Jacob Bender and Eugenie (Reuss) Bender.
Irmengard is the third girl from the left in the second row.
Catherine's reading of the identification of the children is: Top Row, l to r: Edith Thompson, Hilda Rauscher, Walter Hall, Stella Yost, Lydia Heckman, Viola VanPatten, Elizabeth Roth (Teacher) Edna Zimmerlee, Frieda Bowman, Lydia Schwartz, August Heinz, Eric Luschie, Edward Luebben.
Second Row: Melita Griess, Clara Lohmeier, Irmengard Bender, Frieda Luschei, Esther Schleizer, Velma Riddle, Christina Steinhauer, Margaret McCall, Esther Yost, Anna Pankou, Dean Chambers, David Dearing.
Bottom Row: Woldener Steinhauer, Ruben Nolde, Henry Gemar, Harry Lange, Stanley Bowdish, Peter Steinhauer, Henry Rauscher, Ferdinand Reifchnerd, Sam Steinbrecker.
A recent donation from the Bauer family caused quite a stir for us at the Sutton Museum. A single box was the repository of Les Bauer’s significant and lasting contribution to Sutton history.
Les Bauer with Seaman Charles H. Detwiler, Sutton Class
of 1939. Les only posed for this one photo,
as far as we’ve determined.
Les Bauer was a leading Sutton businessman with a hardware store on the west side of the north end of downtown. The store was History itself. Les began working for Sam Carney, Jr. in that store when he was a young man; Sam, Jr. had earlier taken over the store from his father Sam, Sr.
Sam Carney, Sr. had his start in that same store when he arrived in Sutton and went to work for Isaac Newton. That hardware store had a continuous role in the Sutton business picture from the earliest days through the memory of many of us.
Les had his own museum in his store where he displayed many items, including an extensive arrowhead collection.
The Les Bauer treasure that has us so excited this summer came from a project from about 1943 through 1947. Les invited Sutton soldiers and sailors to come to his store, in uniform, where he snapped a picture of them. Most were taken on the sidewalk in front of the store with the neighboring Grothe Drug Store serving as the backdrop.
The collection of nearly 200 pictures was only one of three portions of this treasure. Les invited these men and women to write about the places they’d been and the things they’d done all over the world. We have those journals with about 340 entries from July 1, 1943 through April 29, 1947. The early entries contain little more that name, rank and serial number but later writers often filled two or three pages for their story.
The third portion of the treasure is a collection of letters from several Sutton servicemen who corresponded with Les for varying lengths of time.
Our assignment, which we accept gladly, is to examine, analyze, sort and find a way to display and share the Les Bauer WWII Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Treasure.
We have other sources of information about Sutton servicemen. The American Legion Auxiliary sponsored a “Service Record Book of Men and Women of Sutton, Nebraska and Community and there is a second book associated with the American Legion.
|Some photos were taken with family|
members. This soldier was not identified.
The late Lawrence Trautman donated a scrapbook to our museum that included newspaper clippings of the stories of Sutton’s dead and missing in the war.
The photos in the collection are a small, 2 ½” X 4” format, most posed in front of the hardware store but a few were taken in other parts of town. The majority are labeled but a few dozen are mysteries, like so many old photos found about town.
The first entry in the journals was by Corporal Marvin Pope on July 1, 1943. He was followed by Yeoman George Krass, Jr and Corporal Robert H. Hunzeker and more than 300 additional Sutton vets.
The name of Henry Francis Lohmeier appears on an early page, likely in Les Bauer’s handwriting. Henry Lohmeier was inducted on February 5th, 1942 and was reported missing in the South Pacific on July 20, 1943. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Joe D. Lohmeier. A search on his name brings up a book on books.google.com called “The Search That Never Was: The Untold Truth about the 1948-49 Search for World War II American Personnel Missing in Action in the South Pacific” written by J. L. Wright.
Mr. Wright’s uncle Lloyd Moran and Henry Lohmeier were crewmen on a PB4Y-1 plane, tail number 31952 commanded by Lt. j. g. John Haskett of Alhambra, California. Their plane, designated 5V15, was lost on a raid of Bougainville Island.
The PB4Y-1 aircraft was a navy modification of the B-24 workhorse bomber. Sutton’s Henry Lohmeier was an Aviation Ordnanceman Third Class on that flight.
|Henry Francis Lohmeier and the crew of the Galloping Ghost PB4Y-1 aircraft.|
The crew departed Carney Field on Guadalcanal at 0128 on July 18, 1943 and
were lost near Faisi Island, no chutes, no distress call.
Google books include a “tease” of their books online and the account of the mission appears in the first few pages of Wright’s book and is available online. Amazon.com has the paperback book at $20 - $30 from various sources.
Much later in the sequence of journal entries is #326 written on January 23, 1946 by a soldier who was discharged a few days earlier on January 10th at Fort Logan, Colorado after 41 months of service, 21 of which were overseas, Combat Engineer Walt Becker.
I took that journal and other items of the Bauer collection and made my first of multiple visits to the Sutton Community Home. Walt entertained me for some time reading through his war story remembering buddies and commanders and details at each stop through months of training and moving about the South Pacific toward Japan.
It would be unfair not to include the text of Walt Becker’s journal entry in this article. Parenthetical notes are inserted for clarification:
Jan. 23, 1946
T/5 Walt Becker 37452948
Co. C., 233rd Engrs. Combat Bn. (Engineering Combat Battalion)
A. P. O. #77 San Francisco, California.
Age 25 – March 27, 1920.
Inducted – August 10, 1942.
Took eight weeks of basic training at Camp Crowder, Mo.
From there, I was sent to Freda, California, and Yuma, Arizona for eight weeks of desert training.
|Walt Becker with Les Bauer's journal where Walt recorded his WWII|
experiences on January 23, 1946.
On the 4th of January 1943, we were sent to Camp Pendleton, Virginia for a few weeks where we joined the Eastern Coast Defenses. For further training, we were sent to Fort Story, Virginia.
(Camp Pendleton and Fort Story are near Virginia Beach)
From there, I was stationed at Camp Battle, No. Carolina until August 12, 1943. Then we went to Camp Picket, Virginia and joined the 77th division on the 15th of October, we went to Fort Pierce, Florida for six weeks of amphibious training. We returned back to Camp Picket, Virginia for over-seas preparations.
We left Camp Picket, March 7, 1944 for Seattle, Washington. We left the west coast on the Nordam.
(The Holland America cruise ship “MS Noordam” was built in 1938 and leased to the U. S. during WWII. The name survives on a modern cruise ship.)
We arrived at Hawaii March 28 for further training of three months. On the 24th of July 1944, we landed on Guam, which was the first combat that we saw. The 1st of Nov., we boarded the ship for Leyte. The 7th of December, we landed on Ormoc Bay, where we were located until March 7, 1945. At that time, we loaded the ship for the Riuikiuis Island and landed on I. E. Shima.
(Ormoc Bay is a large bay in the island of Leyte in the Philippines, site of a series of air and sea battles from 11 November-21 December 1944. Ie Shima island and airfield is off the northwest coast of Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. The Wikipedia entry for “Ie Shima Airfield” describes is seizure by the 77th Infantry Division in April 1945.)
From there we went to Okinawa.
The 8th of November we left Okinawa for Japan, and landed at the Kura Naval Base.
(Kure Naval Arsenal was a major Japanese shipyard. It was attacked by American bombers from May-July 1945.)
December 1st, 1945, I was on my way home on the U.S.S. General Mann, and arrived at Tacoma, Washington, Dec. 27th. I received my discharge at Fort Logan, Colorado, January 10, 1946.
I was in the service 41 months, of which 21 months was spent over seas.
|Roger Sheridan, Sutton Class of 1940.|
The photo is stamped: "Jul 21 1944"
More than 50 letters from throughout the world to Mr. Leslie Bauer in Sutton make up the third portion of this donation. Les was writing to many soldiers and these are their responses. Most are single letters from a person but a few of the exchanges continued – eight were from Jerry Lilliedoll from all over including Stockton Field in California, Texas, Arizona and the Pacific. W. J. Bender sent a few; Ted Wenzlaff sent stamps from England for Les’ collection, etc.
About a dozen of the letters came to Les via the V-MAIL service, short for Victory Mail. Overseas V-mail letters were censored, photographed and shipped as thumbnail-size images on negative microfilm. Upon arrival in the states, the negatives were printed on pages 60% of the original size (4 ¼ X 5 3/16 inches) and mailed to the recipient.
Thirty-seven mail bags of 150,000 letters weighing 2,575 pounds were condensed by the V-mail system to one 45-pound bag, a great savings when shipping space was precious.
Now that we have this treasure at the Sutton Museum, what are we going to do with it? How can we display it? How can we share these photos, journals, and letters?
We’ve mentioned the collection in our newspaper column and in this article. We’ve posted several
individual items on our blog and Facebook page. We need to do better.
individual items on our blog and Facebook page. We need to do better.
We’re open for suggestions. If you have an idea of how we can share this material – these are the parents, grandparents and great, grandparents of many people living in Sutton today. These photos and writings of our WWII Sutton vets may not have made it into the family stories. They should, but how?
If you agree and would like to help with this project, contact any of us at the Sutton Museum – try 402-773-0222 or email@example.com for starters. Thanks.
Friday, September 1, 2017
This ad appeared in The Sutton News on September 10, 1942. Car manufacturers had shut down civilian car lines switching to vehicles for the war effort. Used cars were thing. Note the warning about prices and the warning about a shortage of anti-freeze.
The tag line says Yost Auto had been in business 28 years putting its origin at 1914, as we've noted elsewhere.
Monday, August 21, 2017
Sunday, August 20, 2017
The Sutton Register attempted to keep up with the list of man serving in the armed forces during World War II. This list appeared in the August 27, 1942 issue of The Sutton Register.
Wednesday, August 9, 2017
The Clay County News issue of August 17, 1967 related this story about Sutton baker E. T. Nuss's semi-pro football team in Sutton in 1931.
E. T.'s bakery was the noon-time destination for many of us who parlayed our lunch money into a kuchen in lieu of the school's offering in the auditorium.
The fifty-year-old newspaper photo from 36 years prior is sketchy, but you get the idea.
|E. T. Nuss's 1931 Football Team|
|From Page Five of The Clay County News on August 17, 1967|
Sunday, August 6, 2017
The Sutton Register newspaper had a shoppers' insert in their weekly newspaper. We've captured several weeks of this two-page advert that identifies a number of Sutton businesses in 1942 and tells us what they were hawking that summer.
|From the June 2, 1942 Sutton Register newspaper.|
Monday, July 31, 2017
About a year ago, our monthly article was about Sutton’s pioneer Bemis family. We retold a story that Mrs. Bemis, the former Ada Gray had told on her husband, attorney George Bemis, a story that shows up in early Sutton accounts.
It was early in that first spring when only a few dozen people had found and settled in Sutton. George had bought a cow and that evening much of the community gathered to observe the milking of what may have been the town’s first milk cow.
The next morning George was sitting at the table after breakfast when Ada asked him if he was going to milk the cow. His response was, “Why? Are you out of milk already?”
Ada may have told Sutton’s first joke, at least its first lawyer joke. But the story triggers a more serious thought about those early days. How did Ada take care of that fresh milk to keep it from spoiling at a time before refrigeration? How did people store and protect their perishable foods generally?
The food preservation problem goes back a long way, to ancient times when people discovered that salt helped to keep food edible preventing bad tummy aches. Mark Kurlansky published a book in 2002 he called simply, “Salt – A World History” describing how much of the world’s history was driven by the search for sources of that edible and useful rock.
The Romans had numerous sources but when they settled in Britain, they found salt mines all over that island. Town names ending in “-wich” are, in almost every case, a town with a salt mine in its history.
|This icebox from the 1920's illustrates one style with the block of|
ice in the left compartment. Our icebox from the '40's had a bottom
compartment for the ice.
Way before that, the city of Jericho in the West Bank of Palestinian Territories was founded almost 10,000 years ago as a salt trading center. And a more recent fun fact is that the early village of Lancaster where its 30 residents were engaged in gathering salt from the marshes along Salt Creek was designated as the state capitol and renamed “Lincoln” partially on the expectation that salt mining would be the basis of a local booming economy.
The lure of spices from the east contributed to the Columbus adventure in 1492 having a certain and large impact on history.
Salt helped preserve food by absorbing water from the food making an environment too dry for mold or bacteria to develop. Spices such as vinegar, garlic, cinnamon, cloves, etc. keep food fresh by inhibiting the growth of bacteria, though cynics may say that it makes food taste so bad you don’t notice it’s rotten.
Before the Bemis family came to Sutton, people wise to the ways of preserving food roamed the area. Native Americans had pemmican. You may have had the misfortune of stumbling upon online videos advertising a book called “The Lost Ways”. The book supposedly describes 150 lost ways to live in the woods. The impetus behind the book is the survivalist movement and you’ll need to wade through the politics on this one.
|Native Americans made, and lived on pemmican; mountain men and settlers copied the recipe and today,|
today it belongs to campers and survivalists.
The pemmican video describes how to make the product by drying lean meat and berries in a low-heat oven, grinding the meat and berries into a powder, and then mixing that concoction with melted beef tallow or fat. The result is a supposed to be a high-energy, tasty, and long-lasting food. Ten pounds of the stuff will sustain you for a month in the woods, etc.
The mountain men and early settlers learned about pemmican from the Indians and adapted that and many similar Native American food and food preservations secrets.
The problem of keeping food safe was widespread, far beyond that of the Bemis family and their neighbors in those early Sutton years.
Those people moving west in wagon trains had to know how to keep food fresh. Sailors needed to bring along food and water for their entire trip, plus a safety margin. Have you ever had hardtack and grog?
Generals understood well that an army moves on its stomach, that is, no amount of the latest in armaments will do any good if the general can’t keep the men fed and healthy.
Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte gets credit for one of the major breakthroughs in food
preservation that the settlers used and we depend on today. Military officers
knew that tainted food was a huge risk to their army. A soldier in his tent
doubled up with a bad stomach ache is as useless to the general that day as the
comrade who was shot in the head yesterday.
|Napoleon had a hand in the invention of the|
canning process when he held a contest to find
a way to keep food safe for the troops.
Napoleon offered a cash prize of 12,000 francs in the late 18th century to anyone who could develop a reliable method of food preservation. Nicholas Appert came up with the idea of preserving food in bottles, like wine. After 15 years of experimenting, he figured out that if food was heated enough and sealed in an airtight container, it would not spoil, and the process of canning was invented. We don’t know what he did with the prize money.
Canning food was a simple process that anyone could do at home providing safe food for long periods of time.
But back to Ada Bemis. What did she do in 1871 to keep the milk safe? The tried and true approach at that time was to keep the milk in a cool place, usually in cool water. School Creek was handy. Maybe that’s where she kept the milk.
Entrepreneurs on the frontier stepped up to offer ice through much of the year. Sutton’s ice man was I. N. Clark followed by his son, Bertie. Their source was the winter ice in Glen Lake, now called Clark’s Pond. They would cut blocks of ice out of the lake in the winter storing the ice in their ice house. The elder Clark put up 5,000 tons of ice each winter in the early 1890’s. Ice houses were usually dug a few feet deep into the ground and a solid roof built overhead. Ice was layered with straw, a good insulator, and would keep through most of the summer.
Several farmers in the northeast corner of the county built their own ice house, or ice cave stocking it with ice from the Blue River during the winter and sharing the ice in the summer.
|Even the nobility had food storage issues. This|
partially sunk ice house is in the Boboli Gardens
behind the Pitti Palace in Florence, Italy, home of
the ruling Medici family from about 1550.
Ice storage was a world-wide problem. The “coolest” instance I found was the ice house in the Boboli Gardens in Florence, Italy, behind the Pitti Palace. That palazzo was the Medici home from the mid-16th century and, of course, was used by Napoleon for a time.
Several years ago, we found a newspaper clipping about a fellow near Glenvil who had a large ice business on the banks of the Little Blue River. His storage facility was a way up the bank of the river with an elaborate pulley system to transport the blocks of ice up the hill.
Later, now within my memory, the Sutton Mill just west of downtown on the north side of the Burlington tracks had an ice business. This was during the years before electricity came to the farm and the “icebox” was the answer to cold storage. The icebox was an insulated cupboard, looking much like a refrigerator, but with a section to hold a large block of ice. There was a pan to collect the melted water that you wanted to empty often. My memory is that the blocks of ice we purchased from the mill were about 1 foot cubes, the last purchase in town before heading home.
Another handy cool place was a well. Foodstuffs could be lowered on a rope into the bottom of the well where the temperatures would be considerable cooler than above ground and food would keep for several days.
One farm wife’s story at the State Historical Society’s website describes using tanks in the farm’s milk house to keep milk cool. The water in the tanks needed to be changed daily, or more often, but it worked.
Root cellars were, and still are, another structure dug into the ground, roofed over and stocked with potatoes, turnips, carrots, etc. all layered with straw. Straw layers hold trapped air which makes a good heat insulator protecting cool food from the heat.
When electricity service came to the house, the refrigerator was high up on the wish list of new appliances. It’s hard to overestimate the impact the refrigerator had on the quality of life after literally thousands of years of making do with barely adequate ways to keep food fresh and safe.
|Meals Ready to Eat (MRE), modern C-Rations, may be the current high-water mark for technology to preserve and store|
food. Military needs come in large sizes and DoD has the resources to make things happen.
The technology and the methods to keep food safe continue to develop. And as often happens, the military has the biggest need and the largest incentive to address it. My last active duty assignment was at the Defense Logistic Agency’s depot in northern California. That facility was tasked with producing Meals Ready to Eat for use by the army and marines and for long-term storage. A relatively small workforce produced millions of these food packs incorporating the food processing and preservation techniques developed over time.
And finally, there is a question that bothered me a lot recently. We typically store about 10 dozen eggs for the historical society’s pancake breakfast on the first Saturday of the month and the Allegro Wolf’s third Saturday waffle breakfast.
We were keeping the eggs in the refrigerator when I remembered that back on the farm in the 50’s we collected about 30 dozen eggs at a time before taking them to town and we certainly did not refrigerate them – we never had that kind of capacity.
After inconclusive discussions, I consulted the ultimate authority, the internet. In part of the world, the U. S., Japan, Australia and Scandinavia, we prefer clean, even pristine eggs so we wash our eggs. Washing removes a natural protective film the chicken puts on the egg. That coating resists bacteria, salmonella and the like. So, without that coating, we need to refrigerate our eggs.
In the rest of the world, most of Europe, Asia, Africa, etc. the egg production and delivery system does not wash the eggs so with the protective film intact, there is no need to refrigerate the eggs. Apparently, those people are less squeamish about buying eggs with chicken poop stains.
|After some time with a nagging question about the proper way to store eggs, a bit of research came up with not one|
preferred way, but two completely different answers, both equally valid. Case closed.
Both systems work equally well in keeping eggs safe for consumption. The rule is that the system must be consistent and a supporting array of regulations ensures that.
Since you have lasted through this entire article, I commend you. This is another example of our attempt to learn some details about how people have lived in Sutton’s past. If there is some aspect of the past that interests you, let us know as eight years of this series eaten up almost 100 topics. Coming up with another topic each month gets increasingly difficult.